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Assessment of Amaranthus viridis L. Leaves on Growth, Antifungal and Antioxidant Activity of Cicer arientinum L.

Sheeba Menon and 1 and Janki Thakker2
1.Biology Department, K K Shah Jarodwala Maninagar Science College, Maninagar, Ahmedabad-380008, Gujarat, India
2.Department of Biotechnology, P D Patel Institute of Applied Sciences, Charotar University of Science and Technology, Changa, Anand-388421, Gujarat, India

Abstract—The bioactivity of Amaranthus viridis L. leaves was carried out on Cicer arientinum L (Chick pea) seeds. Leaves were collected to prepare extract, leachate and dried paste and Cicer seeds were treated for two hours. After 2 h treated Cicer seeds were transferred to individual pots and kept for germination. The vegetative parameters were calculated after twenty-one days. The study of these vegetative parameters indicated that there is positive plant to plant interaction. Treated Cicer seeds showed significant increase in root-shoot length, number of leaflets, fresh and dry weight as compared to plant grown with distilled water. The effect of anti-oxidant enzymes showed significant rise in Cicer leaves treated with leachate as compared to distilled water. The anti-oxidant property, crude yield of alkaloids, tannins, saponins and glycosides of fresh and dried leaves of Amaranthus showered positive effect on growth of Cicer plant. Further anti-fungal analysis of the Amaranthus fresh leaf extract on Fusarium species proved effective and the phytochemical extracted can be used to control fungal growth. GC-MS analysis showed presence of Artemisyl acetate, an inhibitory fungus antimicrobial compound.

Index TermsAmaranthus viridis, amylase, catalase, Cicer arientinum, dehydrogenase

Cite:Sheeba Menon and Janki Thakker, "Assessment of Amaranthus viridis L. Leaves on Growth, Antifungal and Antioxidant Activity of Cicer arientinum L.," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 70-74, April 2020. doi: 10.18178/ijpmbs.9.2.70-74

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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