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Subclinical Metabolic Disorders in Post-Partum Cross Bred HF Cattle in Central Part of Nepal

Pushkar Pal1 and Hem Raj Acharya2
1 Department of Veterinary Pathology and Clinics, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Tribhuvan University, Nepal.
2 District Livestock Services, Rolpa, Nepal.

Abstract—Assessments of blood metabolic profile have widely been used in veterinary medicine as a part of a multidisciplinary approach to identify metabolic disorders in dairy herds. Our goal was to identify subclinical metabolic disorders in crossbred HF herds and set up baseline hematologic and serum biochemical values. The values were determined in post-parturient cross bred Holstein Friesen (HF) cattle of Nepal. The study was carried out in 50 post-parturient cross bred HF Cattle in Central part of Nepal. Animals ranging 5-8 years old running in first week of post parturient stage were selected for this purpose. A complete blood count, assays associated to liver and kidney function and macro minerals were estimated. The blood samples were drawn from juglar vein using vacutainer tubes. All the hematologic and biochemical variables were determined using automated analyzers and routine laboratory techniques. Glucose, BUN, Creatinine, AST, ALT, total serum Protein and albumin level were found very close to pre-defined ranges in the literature for similar breeds. Similarly hematologic indices associated with RBC series, i.e., Hb, PCV, Platelet counts, MCV, MCH, and MCHC were also found within normal limits. WBC counts along with differential counts were corresponded well within the reference range but, eiosinophil and monocyte counts were significantly ( p <0.05) increased suggesting parasitic infestation. However, mineral profiles particularly Calcium (6.42 ± 0.40 mg/dI) and Phosphorus (3.23 ± 0.13) levels were found significantly ( p < 0.05) low. This suggests that cross HF cattle were at subclinical metabolic disorders and corrective measures should be employed for better production. This is recommended that all the estimated values of hematologic indices and serum biochemical components can be used as a baseline value except the values which are significantly outside the common reference limits.

Index Terms—Blood metabolites, Hematology, Serum-biochemical, Sub-clinical, Reference value and crossbred HF cattle

Cite: Pushkar Pal and Hem Raj Acharya, "Subclinical Metabolic Disorders in Post-Partum Cross Bred HF Cattle in Central Part of Nepal," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 57-62, April 2013.
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