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The Correlation of Hand Grip Strength and Nutritional Status with Functional Ability among the Elderly Women

Govinda Vittala1, Ni Komang Dewi Semariasih2, and I Putu Radhe Bhakti Krisnanda2
1.Magister Program of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
2.Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Abstract—Functional ability describes a person's independence in carrying out daily activities as well as providing important information related to functional prognosis. Physical changes in elderly have the biggest role in increasing the morbidity that occurs, one of which is the decrease in muscle strength. In addition, nutritional status is also closely related to the level of functional ability in the elderly. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between hand grip strength and nutritional status on the level of functional ability in the elderly. This study was used observational analytic study with cross-sectional approach with a simple random sampling technique and obtained a sample of 73 elderly from Desa Pemecutan Kelod. Hand grip strength was measured using a Hand-grip dynamometer, nutritional status was measured using the Short Form Mini Nutritional Status (MNA) questionnaire and the level of functional capacity was measured using Intermediate Activity Daily Living (IADL) questionnaire. The results were analyzed using the spearman correlation test. Our study shows that hand grip strength and nutritional status can be used to identify the level of functional ability in the elderly. It is hoped that health programs can be invented to slow down the occurrence of disability in the elderly.
 
Index Terms—elderly, hand grip strength, nutritional status, functional ability
 
Cite: Govinda Vittala, Ni Komang Dewi Semariasih, and I Putu Radhe Bhakti Krisnanda, "The Correlation of Hand Grip Strength and Nutritional Status with Functional Ability among the Elderly Women," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 168-172, October 2021. doi: 10.18178/ijpmbs.10.4.168-172

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