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Related Factors of Discontinue Kangaroo Mother Care at Home for Low Birth Weight Infant after NICU Discharge

Suni Hariati1, Retno Sutomo2, Lely Lusmilasari2, and Andi Dwi Bahagia Febriani1,
1.Pediatric Nursing, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia
2.Pediatric Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sleman, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Abstract—LBW infant suffered a health problem in the early days after birth and continue after hospital discharge. Continued KMC implementation is needed to enhance neonatal survival. This study is aimed to know the description and the influence factors in KMC implementation at home after hospital discharge. A descriptive study with cross sectional approach was used. 49 mothers of LBW infant were participated in this study using a convenience sampling method during the study period August 2018 to March 2019 on one largest hospital in one city in Indonesia. Several significant factors that influenced a continuing KMC implementation at home in the first day after hospital discharge were mother KMC skill competency before discharge (p 0.006 and OR 6.250), Infant discharge weight (p 0.001 and OR 8.914) and length of hospital stay (p 0.015 and OR 4.433). Several stop reason by 36 mothers on 14 days after hospital discharge included baby uncomfortable and fussy 8 (16.33%), the baby weight enhanced 9 (18.37%), the baby health going well 2 (4.1), busy 9 (18.37%), and never did KMC since at hospital 8 (16.33%). The education, health care provider support and continue follow-up at home are needed for enhanced the mother’s responsibility and awareness to doing KMC at home.
Index Terms—kangaroo mother care, home KMC implementation, factor influencing KMC, and hospital discharge

Cite: Suni Hariati, Retno Sutomo, Lely Lusmilasari, and Andi Dwi Bahagia Febriani, "Related Factors of Discontinue Kangaroo Mother Care at Home for Low Birth Weight Infant after NICU Discharge," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 120-124, July 2021. doi: 10.18178/ijpmbs.10.3.120-124

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