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Antimicrobial Effect and Environmental Impact of Controlled Release Iodine Water Disinfectant

Yasuhiro Matsuda1, Kenichi Koshiro2, Mari Fujita3, and Takashi Saito1
1.Department of Oral Rehabilitation, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences, University of Hokkaido, Japan
2.DENTAL ARROW Inc., Japan
3.Department of Oral Microbiology, School of Dentistry, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Japan
Abstract—The dental chair unit is used by many patients during dental treatment every day, so dental unit waterlines (DCWs) should be disinfected. DCWs often use disinfecting cartridges containing iodine. The aim of this study was to measure iodine concentration and to evaluate its antimicrobial effect. Distilled water flowed through the iodine release cartridge, and iodine concentration of the water pumped through the cartridge was collected and measured every day for 5 days. The antibacterial effect was evaluated by Quantitative PCR and PMA dye PCR method. The iodine concentration was 1.1 ppm at the collection time and started to decrease after two days. After 5 days the concentration was reduced to 0.4 ppm. The iodine water showed an antibacterial effect 12 h after application. The iodine-release DCW disinfectant product killed 99.99 % of the bacteria within 48 h, and the concentration of iodine was lower than that mentioned the drinking water guideline recommended by the WHO.

Index Terms—antibacterial effect, dental chair water line, iodine, quantitative PCR

Cite:Yasuhiro Matsuda, Kenichi Koshiro, Mari Fujita, and Takashi Saito, "Antimicrobial Effect and Environmental Impact of Controlled Release Iodine Water Disinfectant," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 56-59, April 2020. doi: 10.18178/ijpmbs.9.2.56-59

Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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