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Effects of Base Support Changes during Implicit Condition on Standing Postural Strategy

Nur Fatin Fatina bt. Mohd Ramli, Ogawa Sho, and Yamamoto Shin-ichiroh
Shibaura Institute of Technology, Graduate School of Engineering and Science, Saitama, Japan
Abstract—Hip and ankle strategies are commonly used in order to maintain and regain balance when people felt the risk of falling, especially in older people. The selection of postural responses was influenced by many factors such as perturbation conditions, experience, adaptation and also fear of falling. Previous studied had reported that the postural coordinate patterns had changed with translation frequency. However, since there is a possibility that the translation surface may be perceived visually and aurally, the changed of inclined surface during dynamic translation perturbation were considered. Thus, the main objective of this paper is to investigate the standing postural strategy during explicit (presence) and implicit (absence) condition of perception sensory at inclined support surface translation with different type of perturbation and sensory sense. Comparison with frequency and postural coordinate patterns under these conditions were observed. Six healthy adults had participated in this experiment study. The subjects were asked to maintain their balance and the standing postural control with and without the presence sensation during inclined support surface translation were observed. The trunk and head were fixed at the fast frequency. Furthermore, muscle activities were active during the implicit condition than the explicit condition. Furthermore, without the visual information, the body intended to sway more and higher activation muscle was observed. This study concluded that the influence from the upper center of the body due to the existences of perception sensory affects the postural control strategy. Besides, the explicit of perception sensory and visual information was important in maintaining our balance. For future investigation, consideration of the existence of perception sensory with translation surface changes is useful for fall prevention.

Index Terms—perturbation, inclined translation, base support changes, postural coordination

Cite:Nur Fatin Fatina bt. Mohd Ramli, Ogawa Sho, and Yamamoto Shin-ichiroh"Effects of Base Support Changes during Implicit Condition on Standing Postural Strategy," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 109-113, October 2017. doi: 10.18178/ijpmbs.6.4.109-113
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