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Development of Water in Olive Oil (W/O) Nanoemulsions as Lipstick Base Formulation

Siti Z. Munawiroh 1, 2, Aughina N. Nabila 1, and Lutfi Chabib 1, 2
1. Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2. Nanofabrication Research Center, Laboratory of Technology Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Abstract—Objective: The objective of this research is to develop w/o olive nanoemulsions which prepared by low energy method to use in lipstick base formulation. Methods: W/O olive nanoemulsions were prepared by low energy methods which was employed a Phase Inversion Composition (PIC) technique in elevated temperature at 80℃ using mixed-surfactants (tween 20/span 80). Results: In ternary phase diagram (oil:water:mixed-surfactants), the largest area of nanoemulsions was occurred in equal ratio tween20:span80 (1:1). The maximum water content of w/o olive nanoemulsions was reached at 12% water with 60% mixed-surfactants (1:1). An unimodal size distribution of w/o olive nanoemulsions with varied water content at 8,10 and 12% were found with droplet size at 29.33 ± 5.30 nm, 30.23 ± 7.33nm and 29.83 ± 11.47 nm. Water content of w/o olive nanoemulsions significantly affected to melting profile of lipstick but not to the hardness properties of lipstick.
Conclusion: W/O olive nanoemulsions which prepared by low energy can be developed as lipstick base formulation.

Index Terms—w/o nanoemulsions, low energy, olive oil, lipstick

Cite: Siti Z. Munawiroh, Aughina N. Nabila, and Lutfi Chabib, "Development of Water in Olive Oil (W/O) Nanoemulsions as Lipstick Base Formulation," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 37-42, April 2017. doi: 10.18178/ijpmbs.6.2.37-42
 
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