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A Survey on the Prevalence of Vitiligo in Bangalore City, India

Jayarama Reddy
Department of Botany, St. Joseph's College, Lalbagh Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 560027.
Abstract—Vitiligo is a skin disorder that has been known for at least 5000 years, but it is still incompletely understood. It is considered to be a multifactorial polygenic disorder with a complex pathogenesis, linked with both genetic and non-genetic factors. It has baffled the medical world for centuries. It is a psychologically devastating clinical conundrum which affects all types of human races without any specificity and its incidences of occurrence have been rising alarmingly. Vitiligo is generally associated with a high psychiatric morbidity. The worldwide population prevalence of vitiligo ranges from 1% to 4% and shows a wide variability among ethnic groups. In India, the incidence of vitiligo has been reported to be between 1-2%. This paper reports the survey on the prevalence of vitiligo in Bangalore (India). The prevalence was found to be Vitiligo is 0.71%. A total of 22037 people were contacted in the survey cutting across all segments of the society. A total of 160 people were found to be affected in the survey. Out of the total 160 people affected, 65 are males (0.29%) while 95 were females (0.43%). The age specific prevalence was 0.15% for people below the age of 20, 0.24% for the age group between 20 to 30 years, 0. 18% for the age between 30 and 40 and was found to be 0.42% in people above 40 years. There was a significant difference with respect to the prevalence in people with different skin complexions, but there was no difference noticed among people of different socioeconomic groups. The people affected by vitiligo are called vitiligans (new term used first time) in this paper.

Index Terms—Vitiligo, Leukoderma, Survey, Vitiligans

Cite: Jayarama Reddy, "A Survey on the Prevalence of Vitiligo in Bangalore City, India," International Journal of Pharma Medicine and Biological Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 34-45, January 2014.
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